The energy of the detonation wave causes the ammonium nitrate in the fertilizer to vaporize 鈥?the solid fertilizer becomes a gas in an instant. The ammonium and nitrate molecules break down,and a large amount of oxygen gas is suddenly formed. Thegas released from the decomposing fertilizeris what drives the explosion.
People also ask
What causes fertilizer explosion?
What Causes Fertilizer Explosions? Ammonium nitrate, frequently added to improve a fertilizer’s nitrogen content, is relatively stable under most conditions. If it comes into contact with an ignition source, however, it explodes violently, decomposing rapidly into two gases. A fire anywhere is cause for concern, …
Can ammonium nitrate explode in a fertilizer explosion?
When other chemicals such as ammonium sulfate or urea are mixed in, the ammonium nitrate is no longer able to explode, he said. Accidents involving fertilizer explosion are very rare, Van Kauwenbergh said.
What happens when you detonate fertilizer?
This detonation wave radiates outward from the detonator at a speed of about 2 to 3 miles per second through the mixture of ammonium nitrate and fuel, Goodpaster said. The energy of the detonation wave causes the ammonium nitrate in the fertilizer to vaporize 鈥?the solid fertilizer becomes a gas in an instant.
What happens when you mix fertilizer and gasoline?
A common fertilizer when mixed with gasoline or diesel becomes a bomb. We are all too familiar with the destructive power of ammonium nitrate when mixed with gasoline or diesel fuel. At the same time we know it as a common fertilizer needed to ensure good agriculture yields.