why does fertilizer explode

Best answer


Theenergy of the detonation wavecauses the ammonium nitrate in the fertilizer to vaporize 鈥?the solid fertilizer becomes a gas in an instant. The ammonium and nitrate molecules break down, and a large amount of oxygen gas is suddenly formed. The gas released from the decomposing fertilizer is what drives the explosion.

People also ask


  • What causes fertilizer explosion?

  • What Causes Fertilizer Explosions? Ammonium nitrate, frequently added to improve a fertilizer’s nitrogen content, is relatively stable under most conditions. If it comes into contact with an ignition source, however, it explodes violently, decomposing rapidly into two gases. A fire anywhere is cause for concern, …

  • Can ammonium nitrate explode in a fertilizer explosion?

  • When other chemicals such as ammonium sulfate or urea are mixed in, the ammonium nitrate is no longer able to explode, he said. Accidents involving fertilizer explosion are very rare, Van Kauwenbergh said.

  • What happens when you detonate fertilizer?

  • This detonation wave radiates outward from the detonator at a speed of about 2 to 3 miles per second through the mixture of ammonium nitrate and fuel, Goodpaster said. The energy of the detonation wave causes the ammonium nitrate in the fertilizer to vaporize 鈥?the solid fertilizer becomes a gas in an instant.

  • What happens if a fertilizer plant burns?

  • If it comes into contact with an ignition source, however, it explodes violently, decomposing rapidly into two gases A fire anywhere is cause for concern, but a fire at a fertilizer plant is a potential catastrophe.

    why does fertilizer explode

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