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What is the history of pesticides?
History of Pesticide Use. The practice of agriculture first began about 10,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent of Mesopotamia (part of present day Iraq, Turkey, Syria and Jordan) where edible seeds were initially gathered by a population of hunter/gatherers1.
What was the first herbicide?
During the 1930s and 1940s too, the first organic selective herbicides were being developed, originally as a result of work on chemicals to regulate plant growth: 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA), 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 4,6 dinitro-o-cresol (DNOC).
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Why did organic insecticides become so popular?
The initial targets of the organic insecticides were the vectors of human disease, but after the war there was a rapid expansion into agriculture. ‘Their success was immediate. They were cheap, effective in small quantities, easy to apply, and widely toxic. They seemed to be truly ‘miracle insecticides’ (Flint and van den Bosch, 1981).